Download « Eichmann était d'une bêtise révoltante » : Entretiens et by Hannah Arendt, Joachim C. Fest PDF

By Hannah Arendt, Joachim C. Fest

L. a. philosophe Hannah Arendt, auteur des Origines du totalitarisme, couvrit à sa demande le procès d’Eichmann à Jérusalem en 1961 pour le compte du New Yorker. Le livre qui en est l’aboutissement, Eichmann à Jérusalem, sous-titré Rapport sur l. a. banalité du mal, déclencha immédiatement los angeles polémique aux États-Unis puis lors de sa booklet en France en 1966, tandis que d’aucuns déconseillèrent même sa book en Allemagne (1964). Elle y soutenait qu’Eichmann n’était ni un Iago ni un Macbeth, imputant ses crimes à l. a. natural absence de pensée, ce qui, précisait-elle, n’équivalait nullement à los angeles « stupidité ». remark s’explique dès lors le titre du présent entretien qu’elle accorda à l’historien allemand Joachim Fest, auteur notamment des Maîtres du IIIe Reich ? De même remark expliquer que, bien qu’Eichmann lui répugnait, s’exprimant sur Albert Speer, l’architecte de Hitler qui devint ensuite ministre de l’Armement, elle puisse affirmer dans l. a. seconde partie de leur entretien : « L’homme me plaît, mais je ne parviens pas à le comprendre » ? Faut-il y voir une nouvelle provocation de l. a. half de celle qui pourtant, ne se targuait que de « dire los angeles vérité des faits » ? Ce livre rassemble l’entretien accordé par Hannah Arendt à Joachim Fest en 1964, leur correspondance, ainsi que les écrits qui ont amorcé l. a. controverse. S.C.-D.

Hannah Arendt (1906-1975) est considérée comme l'une des plus grandes philosophes du XXe siècle. On compte parmi ses grands textes Les Origines du totalitarisme, L’Humaine et, plus récemment, Écrits juifs.

Joachim Fest (1926-2006), historien et essayiste allemand, a notamment écrit Les Maîtres du IIIe Reich (1963). Traduit de l’allemand et de l’anglais (américain) par Sylvie Courtine-Denamy.

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After the Soviet takeover, the operation of Jewish organizations in Russia was largely proscribed, and much of the Russianoriented Jewish activity relocated to Riga. On the eve of World War II, Riga was an important center of Jewish life in Eastern Europe. 4 My Father My father, along with his brothers, attended the Riga Stadt-Realschule, a German-language public city high school for boys. The Realschule taught modern languages—Russian, German, and French—but Latvian was not offered. The Gymnasium, the other high school in Riga, was oriented toward a classical education.

Having met her, Papa acted promptly and forcefully. Emma wrote to her daughter Clara that my father’s sudden decision to get married caused some consternation among the mothers of Riga’s eligible young women. Nevertheless, in June 1914 my father and his mother traveled to Dvinsk to meet the prospective in-laws, for the formal announcement, and to settle the dowry. In a letter to Clara, Emma described them as “very respectable and nice people, the motherin-law is especially pleasant and very German [my emphasis].

6 The efforts of the orthodox notwithstanding, most Jewish intellectuals and professionals subscribed to the concept of an autonomous, secular Jewish culture. There were many synagogues in Riga, ranging from large, beautiful edifices to small prayer houses. The largest was the Gogol Street Choral synagogue, a magnificent structure built in 1871. It was strictly orthodox with separate seating for men and women. Both Hasidim and Mitnagdim (the orthodox rabbinic opponents of Hasidism) were represented.

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